The goal of HIV care during pregnancy to protect the health of HIV-positive women and their babies. All HIV-positive pregnant women should take anti-HIV drugs to reduce the risk of mother to child transmission of HIV. These drugs also protect the health of pregnant women.
Child transmission of HIV is the virus spread from a woman to her child during pregnancy or childbirth or through breast milk. MTCT is the most common way a child becomes infected with HIV. The HIV drugs act in various ways to prevent mother to child transmission of the virus, both during pregnancy and after birth.During pregnancy The purpose of HIV drugs to reduce the level of virus in the body to an undetectable level (called undetectable viral load ) during pregnancy. By reducing this concentration, decrease the chance that an HIV-positive woman will transmit the virus to her baby during pregnancy and childbirth. The HIV drugs also pass from a pregnant woman to the baby through the placenta (the organ that forms inside the uterus during pregnancy). This transfer of these drugs prevent mother to child transmission of the virus, particularly in the near-natal period when the baby is more exposed to the blood and other body fluids of the mother. After childbirth After birth, the babies of HIV-positive mothers They are receiving anti-HIV drugs to protect against possible maternal HIV infection during childbirth.
HIV-positive pregnant women can receive many anti-HIV drugs during pregnancy without hurting them.Pregnant women and their health care providers carefully consider the risks and benefits of certain anti-HIV drugs before choosing a treatment regimen for HIV for use during pregnancy. When recommending HIV drugs for use during pregnancy, the health care providers consider their potential short- and long-term for babies of HIV-positive mothers. Not any of them clearly linked to birth defects, but some have raised concerns. It encourages women treated with these drugs during pregnancy entered in the Register of antiretroviral treatment during pregnancy ( Antiretroviral Pregnancy Registry ), which monitors prenatal exposure (before birth) to them for any possible increased risk of birth defects caused by drugs. Pregnant women exposed to HIV drugs voluntarily enroll in the registry by their health care providers. The health care providers also consider the following factors in recommending the use of anti-HIV drugs during pregnancy :
Some HIV-positive women may already take HIV drugs for their own health before becoming pregnant. They should continue taking them during pregnancy. These drugs will continue to protect the health of women and prevent mother to child transmission of the virus. The treatment regimen against HIV that can change a woman receives during pregnancy. For example, it is possible that some drugs are not recommended during pregnancy because of the increased risk of side effects. Since pregnancy affects the way the body takes drugs, you may change the dose of a drug against HIV. However, women should always talk to their health care providers before making any changes. The HIV-positive women not taking HIV medications when they get pregnant should consider start taking them as soon as possible. These drugs reduce the amount of HIV (viral load) in the body. By having a lower concentration of HIV in the body reduces the risk of transmission from mother to child and women’s health is protected.
When recommending HIV drugs for use during pregnancy, health care providers follow the same clinical guidelines used for women who are not pregnant. Also they discuss what is known about the use of specific HIV drugs during pregnancy, including the risk of side effects that could harm the mother or her baby. The rate of HIV treatment is preferred for women without pretreatment should include two inhibitors analogue reverse transcriptase nucleoside (NRTI) together with a inhibitor of chain transfer integrase (INSTI) , aninhibitor of nucleoside reverse transcribed non-nucleoside (NNRTI) or inhibitor protease (IP) with low doses ofritonavir (brand name: Norvir). the scheme should generally include at least one of the following NRTIs that easily pass through the placenta:
During labor, women with HIV take medication to reduce the risk of mother to child transmission of HIV. For additional information, read the fact sheet AIDSinfo on the prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV during childbirth . The babies of HIV positive mothers receiving anti-HIV drugs for 6 weeks after birth to prevent mother to child transmission of the virus. These types of medications protect babies from any HIV has passed from mother to child during labor and delivery. For additional information, read the fact sheet AIDSinfo on the Prevention of HIV transmission from mother after birth . Women should consult with their health care providers if they should continue with anti-HIV drugs after delivery. These drugs are recommended for all HIV-positive people. These drugs prevent HIV from becoming AIDS and reduce the risk of sexual transmission of HIV.
Yesterday, when we talked about chronic urticaria , we concluded our entry noting that the Association of People Affected by Chronic Urticaria proposed as the theme for the World Day of the disease the phrase ” Put yourself in my skin “as an invitation to those who do not suffer from this ailment to understand the many and varied ways in which conditions and reduces the quality of life of those who do have it.
And to make this reflection, the same association has created an exhibition of photographs versa monograph on such conditions, whose title is exactly the same phrase chosen as the theme (” Freaky skin “). The exhibition opened last October 1 in theFoundation Hospital Juan Jimenez Diaz in Madrid , in which hall will remain until Monday 6th, the date on which the transfer is due to the Allergy Unit of the same hospital to continue there display until October 13.
Simultaneously, from today until October 2nd and 31st of the month you can also visit the Hospital del Mar in Barcelona or the official website www.mindonphotography.com.
The exhibition consists of a series of 19 photographs, in which everyday scenes accompanied by phrases or statements that demonstrate the limitations and frustration that often leads to live with chronic urticaria are shown: the impact of the disease in the relationship, problems related work, the need to avoid certain foods or drugs, clothes or shoes, the difficulty of participating in social events, the impossibility of carrying out certain activities, the potential impact on self-esteem, … all belong in these images , all captured on camera by Susana Torralbo .
The intention of the Association is that in coming months the exhibition to become itinerant, and to visit as many cities, to bring about this necessary reflection in the general population and for patients who feel they are not alone, that their situation is felt and known by many people, and that promote understanding of it can positively affect their quality of life.
The images included in this entry are part of the exhibition mentioned, and are presented here with permission of the Association of People Affected by Chronic Urticaria . If you can not visit in Madrid or Barcelona , we suggest you visit this virtual exhibition itself Association has prepared (click on the poster):
HIV infection has become a contested issue in recent times . Fear, ignorance, taboos, but especially the reactions of people to implying subsequent disease have also been a source of wonder and study cinema.
Therefore, we bring you five films on HIV / AIDS collected by putlocker and you can find these films on project free tv
It was the first film about AIDS. Michael Pierson was a young homosexual lawyer who had developed the disease. Needless to say, by the time the issue was discussed from different perspectives, from the closed and his pregnant sister who did not want to touch it for fear of infecting the baby and open as her grandmother, who offered their support.
This film had a big role in publicizing social problems faced by a person who had developed AIDS. The leading role it took Tom Hanks, who won him an Oscar for her performance, and who is presented as a homosexual man away from stereotypes and mannerisms promiscuity. Contrary to this, is shown as a successful guy and love with your partner, which gave foot that was a little more openness towards the LGBT community. In addition to the excellent performances, the soundtrack includes the theme ‘Streets of Philadelphia’ Bruce Springsteen. Cancionsota.
In a time when AIDS was attributed solely to the homosexual population, this film brought about a more human sense. The title is attributed to how newspapers of that time concerned the partner of the deceased in the obituaries. In this film shows how a group of friends going to live chidos tragic moments when they start dying loved ones.
The documentary, directed by David Weissman , was shortlisted by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to compete in the category of Best Documentary at the year’s Academy Awards 2012, although it was not finally nominated. Addresses the spread of the virus in San Francisco , the gay capital of the world during the decade of the 80. It presents the different reactions of the affected families and how they responded to the painful epidemic. Needless to say, this film turns out to be emblematic and reflective.
One of the most recent films on the spread of HIV . Here is Matthew McConaughey in one of his best performances in which she plays Ron Woodroof who is sentenced to diein 30 days due to the supply of highly toxic drugs. Ron refuses and takes to get a treatment that had not yet been legally approved. Obviously he gets in trouble with the Food and Drug Administration and this creates a campaign to raise awareness about the misinformation that exists on the subject. Matthew won this year’s Oscar for best actor for his role in this film.